Dandruff is a problem many people suffer with. It is not a problem to be ashamed of. However, dandruff does need addressing, most of all for your comfort from the itching and your confidence from no more flaking. For some people the flaking is dandruff, for others it can be a case of dry scalp. There is a difference in that the treatment for dry scalp is moisturizing shampoos while the treatments for dandruff differ in that many shampoos for dandruff are drying. This means that if you have a dry scalp, do not use dandruff shampoos as they will only make the problem worse.
You are always shedding dead skin cells from all over the body, every day. In fact, every twenty eight days you get a completely new layer of skin. Dandruff is caused by the buildup of dead skin cells in addition to the overproduction of skin cells in response to stimuli. Sometimes that stimulus is bacteria and fungi that are feeding on the sebaceous oils from your scalp. As a result, they can irritate and cause buildup that itches and irritates. This skin cell overproduction results in new skin cells that produce every two weeks or so instead of every twenty eight days. This is the kind of thing that causes dandruff.
While dandruff can and does come back from time to time, there are things you can do to help control the problem. First of all, most regular shampoos will not tackle the dandruff problem. If you find that this is a problem for you, shop around for dandruff shampoo that contains active ingredients that are proven to help loosen the skin buildup and wash it out of your hair. Those active ingredients include zinc pyrithione, selenium sulfide or ketoconazole, just to name a few of the more frequently used ones. It is important that you use a different dandruff shampoo about once a month in order to prevent immunity from building up and to keep the effectiveness of the ingredients.
When washing your hair, it is a good idea to shampoo and rinse twice over for optimal effectiveness in getting rid of the dandruff. In the first washing, you will wash out the dandruff flakes and extra oil that has built up on your scalp. Apply the shampoo and use your fingers individually to work your scalp, knocking loose the flakes and build up. As you do this, be careful not to tangle your wet hair. The second washing will help the scalp and hair to absorb the helpful chemicals in the shampoo and allow them to go to work on the problem.
In addition to dandruff shampoos on the store shelves, there are a myriad of home remedies that help with dandruff. Remedies such as using vinegar mixed with water, applied to your hair and left over night, covered with a towel. Upon wakening, do the vinegar again and shower. Although vinegar does stink, the smell will evaporate quickly.